The child or adolescent usually exhibits these behavior patterns in a variety of settings—at home, at school, and in social situations—and they cause significant impairment in his or her social, academic, and family functioning. Conduct disorder can have its onset early, before age 10, or in adolescence. Children who display early-onset conduct disorder are at greater risk for persistent difficulties, however, and they are also more likely to have troubled peer relationships and academic problems.
Among both boys and girls, conduct disorder is one of the disorders most frequently diagnosed in mental health settings. Many youth with conduct disorder may have trouble feeling and expressing empathy or remorse and reading social cues. These youth often misinterpret the actions of others as being hostile or aggressive and respond by escalating the situation into conflict. Conduct disorder may also be associated with other difficulties such as substance use, risk-taking behavior, school problems, and physical injury from accidents or fights.
Recent research on Conduct Disorder has been very promising. For example, research has shown that most children and adolescents with conduct disorder do not grow up to have behavioral problems or problems with the law as adults; most of these youth do well as adults, both socially and occupationally. Researchers are also gaining a better understanding of the causes of conduct disorder, as well as aggressive behavior more generally.
Conduct Disorder and Parent Management Training
Conduct disorder has both genetic and environmental components. That is, although the disorder is more common among the children of adults who themselves exhibited conduct problems when they were young, there are many other factors which researchers believe contribute to the development of the disorder. For example, youth with conduct disorder appear to have deficits in processing social information or social cues, and some may have been rejected by peers as young children.
Despite early reports that treatment for this disorder is ineffective, several recent reviews of the literature have identified promising approaches treating children and adolescents with conduct disorder. The most successful approaches intervene as early as possible, are structured and intensive, and address the multiple contexts in which children exhibit problem behavior, including the family, school, and community. Examples of effective treatment approaches include functional family therapy, multi-systemic therapy, and cognitive behavioral approaches which focus on building skills such as anger management.
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- Conduct Disorder (CD) Information | Child Mind Institute.
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Treating Adolescent Conduct Disorder
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Blog authors. Podcast Podcast. Back to Behavioural conditions Home Conditions and treatments Behavioural conditions Conduct disorder. Conduct disorder Share show more. Listen show more. More show more. Tags: Behavioural conditions Behavioural conditions - Disruptive behaviour disorders. Conduct disorder CD is a behavioural problem in children and adolescents, which may involve aggression and law-breaking tendencies. Behaviours include aggression to animals and other people, and law-breaking activities such as deliberately lighting fires, shoplifting and vandalism.
Treatment options include behaviour therapy, psychotherapy, parent management training and functional family therapy. Conduct disorder CD refers to a set of problem behaviours exhibited by children and adolescents, which may involve the violation of a person, their rights or their property. It is characterised by aggression and, sometimes, law-breaking activities. CD is one of a group of behavioural disorders known collectively as disruptive behaviour disorders, which include oppositional defiant disorder ODD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD.
Early intervention and treatment is important, since children with untreated CD are at increased risk of developing a range of problems during their adult years including substance use, personality disorders and mental illnesses.
Conduct disorders in children and young people
The characteristics of conduct disorder Some of the typical behaviours of a child with CD may include: Refusal to obey parents or other authority figures Truancy Tendency to use drugs, including tobacco and alcohol, at a very early age Lack of empathy for others Spiteful and vengeful behaviour Being aggressive to animals Being aggressive to people, including bullying and physical or sexual abuse Tendency to hang out in gangs Keenness to start physical fights Using weapons in physical fights Lying Law-breaking behaviour such as stealing, deliberately lighting fires, breaking into houses, shoplifting, sexual abuse and vandalism A tendency to run away Learning difficulties Low self-esteem Suicidal tendencies.
The link to other behavioural disorders A child who ultimately develops CD is usually irritable and temperamental during babyhood — although most difficult babies do not develop conduct disorder.
Constant defiance, hostility and a hair-trigger temper are common characteristics of ODD.